Automatic Change Detection by Intelligent Backgrounding Method
: electrical and computer engineering
Image blockingGaussian mixturebackground subtraction foreground segmentation,
The segmentation of foreground regions in image sequences is the first and the most important stage in many automated visual surveillance applications; and background subtraction is a method typically used for such applications. In this method, each new frame is compared with a model of the empty scene (which we call it ‘Background’), then those regions in the image that differ significantly from the background are identified as foreground.
This paper presents a new background subtraction approach. In this method, each image is divided into similar NN blocks; then, some features are extracted from every block and the history of each feature are modeled as a combination of gaussian distributions. These distributions are updated after reception of every frame information. Then the gaussian distributions of the adaptive mixture models are evaluated to determine which one most likely describes the background and each block is classified as background or foreground based on the gaussians distributions which represents its feature value most effectively.
The software implementations on personal computers show accepting capability of this approach for handling intruders to the scene, objects being introduced or removed from the scene, noises and unwanted changes in the background. Also, high speed of execution and reduced memory requirements makes this approach as a suitable method for high percentage of real-time applications
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